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All the latest offers delivered right to your inbox! We Accept. Shipping Methods business days Minimum 10 business days. To plead our own cause: African Americans in Massachusetts and the making of the antislavery movement, Public Deposited. You do not have access to any existing collections. You may create a new collection. APA Cameron, C. To plead our own cause: African Americans in Massachusetts and the making of the antislavery movement, Chicago Cameron, Christopher Alain.
Last Modified March 21, Creator Cameron, Christopher Alain Affiliation: College of Arts and Sciences, Department of History Abstract This dissertation explores the development of slavery in Massachusetts, including the influence of Puritan religious ideology on the institution, and the rise of an antislavery movement among enslaved and free blacks.
It further examines the importance of Christianity to slave life during the eighteenth century and examines African Americans' contributions to the intellectual milieu of the American Revolution. The black abolitionist movement was based in part on the appropriation and transformation of Puritan discourse and whites' political rhetoric directed against Britain into a discourse of abolitionism. Religion was always central to black abolitionists, both in shaping their language and in cementing them into a community of activists that was able to influence both white and black abolitionists throughout the country.
An enslaved African is forbidden to leave the plantation without a pass, and never on Sunday. An enslaved African may not possess weapons or signaling mechanisms such as horns or whistles. Punishment for an owner who kills an enslaved African is a pound fine. Virginia declares that baptism does not free a slave from bondage, thereby abandoning the Christian tradition of not enslaving other Christians.
The Massachusetts legislature passes a law that enables its citizens to sell the children of enslaved Africans into bondage, thus separating them from their parents. The Virginia Assembly enact law that allows all non-Christians who arrive by ship to be enslaved.
A Maryland law states that the conversion of enslaved African Americans to Christianity does not affect their status as enslaved people. Virginia law now bans prosecution for the killing of a slave if the death comes during the course of his his or her apprehension. The Massachusetts legislature passes a law that forbids European Americans from engaging in any trade or commerce with an African American.
Nathaniel Bacon leads an unsuccessful rebellion of whites and blacks against the English colonial government in Virginia. Virginia enacts a law that forbids all blacks from carrying arms and requires enslaved blacks to carry certificates at all times when leaving the slaveowner's plantation. Maryland laws mandate that children of European servant women and African men are free.
A new slave code in Virginia prohibits weapons for slaves, requires passes beyond the limits of the plantation and forbids self-defense by any African Americans against any European American. New York enacts its first slave codes. They restrict the freedom of movement and the ability to trade of all enslaved people in the colony.
New York law forbids enslaved Africans and Native Americans from having meetings or carrying firearms. Quakers in Germantown, Pennsylvania denounce slavery in the first recorded formal protest in North America against the enslavement of Africans. Virginia enacts a new law which punishes white men and women for marrying black or Indians.bmiwconcaping.ml
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Children of such interracial liaisons become the property of the church for 30 years. The success of rice cultivation in South Carolina encourages the importation of larger numbers of enslaved laborers especially from Senegal and other rice producing regions of West Africa. Quaker religious leaders warn that members who own slaves may be expelled from the demonination. The New York Assembly enacts a law which prohibits enslaved Africans from testifying against whites or gathering in groups larger than three on public streets.
The Colonial Virginia Assembly defined as slaves all servants brought into the colony who were not Christians in their original countries as well as Indians sold to the colonists by other Native Americans. Africans in South Carolina outnumber Europeans, making it the first English colony with a black majority. Nine whites are killed and an unknown number of blacks die in the uprising.
Colonial authorities execute 21 slaves and six commit suicide. England secures the exclusive right to transport slaves to the Spanish colonies in America. New Orleans is founded by the French. By the city has more enslaved black men than free white men.
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South Carolina passes laws requiring enslaved people to wear clothing identifying them as slaves. Freed slaves are required to leave the colony within six months or risk reenslavement. An indentured black servant petitions a Massachusetts Court and wins his freedom after the death of his master. A score of whites and more than twice as many black slaves are killed as the armed slaves try to flee to Florida. Nineteen white citizens of Darien, Georgia petition the colonial governor to continue the ban on the importation of Africans into the colony, calling African enslavement morally wrong.
Thirteen African American men are burned at the stake and another 17 black men, two white men and two white women are hanged. Seventy blacks and seven whites are permanently expelled from the city. South Carolina's colonial legislature enacts the most extensive slave restrictions in British North America.
The laws ban the teaching of enslaved people to read and write, prohibits their assembling in groups or earning money for their activities. The law also permits slaveowners to kill rebellious slaves. A description of an Indian raid on Terry's hometown in Massachusetts, the poem will be passed down orally and published in Anthony Benezet persuades fellow Philadelphia Quakers to open the first free school for black children in the colonies. This is believed to be the first autobiographical work written by an enslaved African living in British North America.
This is believed to be the first volume of poetry written and published by an African American. It is the first book written by an African American woman published in the United States and only the second book in the nation's history authored by a woman to be published.
A group of enslaved blacks petition the Massachusetts General Court legislature insisting they too have a natural right to their freedom. General George Washington reverses his earlier policy of rejecting the services of slaves and free blacks in the army. Five thousand African-Americans serve during the Revolutionary War including two predominantly black units in Massachusetts, one in Connecticut, one in Rhode Island. This is the first abolitionist meeting in North America. In the organization becomes the Pennsylvania Abolition Society with Benjamin Franklin as its first president.
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