This species has been classified as a nuisance species so if you catch him, discard it. The Butterfly Peacock Bass is a tropical freshwater fish from the Amazon River and can be found in Southeast Florida canals and rivers under shady cover. The Peacock grows to over 25 pounds. The Butterfly Peacock Bass is more aggressive than the Largemouth and will target prey larger than itself. It does not respond to plastic worms but live Shiners or fish shaped lures get their attention. They are good eating but FWC encourages anglers to release fish over 17 inches so they can keep doing their important job of devouring unwanted species.
Butterfly Peacock Fishing Tips. The Largemouth Bass is one of Florida's most popular game fish. Largemouths prefer clear, non-flowing waters with aquatic vegetation where food and cover are available, but can tolerate a wide range of water clarities and bottom types. In Florida, Largemouths live in almost every body of fresh water.
They also occupy brackish to freshwater habitats, including upper estuaries, rivers, lakes, reservoirs and ponds. The Largemouth Bass is commonly 12 inches but can grow as large as 24 inches. This bass feeds on fish, snails, crawfish, frogs, snakes, salamanders, bats and even small water birds, mammals, and baby alligators. Use live bait, such as night crawlers, minnows, frogs, or crawfish. Threadfin shad is a popular live bait to catch this popular Bass. Consumption Advisory: Relatively low levels of mercury in largemouth bass have been found to occur in Lake Okeechobee and in canals throughout southwest Florida.
The Redeye Bass can be found in small to medium-sized upland streams, often found in water willow Justicia or other aquatic vegetation, near a submerged stump or boulder, or along an undercut bank. They usually are found in the 14 to 17 inch range and their diet includes aquatic and terrestrial insects, crayfishes, and small fishes.
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The Shadow Bass can be found in southeastern states in slow-flowing rivers and streams that have sand, gravel, and pebbles on the bottom and brush or vegetation for cover. They are 6 to 8 inches long and can weigh a pound. The Shadow Bass eats aquatic insects, crayfishes, and an occasional small fish. The Shoal Bass averages 12 to 18 inches in length and up to 2 pounds. The shoal differs from the largemouth bass by the tiger-like stripes on its back.
Their numbers has declined significantly in Florida, the best place to catch this Bass is the Chipola River. The Shoal Bass lives in moderate to fast flowing streams and avoid reservoirs but can be found in deep pools that have limestone ledges. They have a diet of aquatic crustaceans, insect larvae, crayfish, and small fishes. The Smallmouth Bass is the smaller cousin of the Largemouth. This aggressive fighter can grow to 27 inches and weigh 11 pounds. Smallmouth Bass are carnivorous, their diet consists of crayfish, insect larvae, amphibians, and smaller fish.
The Spotted Bass can be found under cover in the cooler streams and reservoirs from the Apalachicola River to the Perdido River with a big concentration of Spotted on upper part of the Blackwater River. They feed on insects, crustaceans, frogs, worms, and smaller fish. Often confused with the Largemouth Bass, the Spotted Bass has a smaller mouth and grows to a maximum 16 inches and up to 2 pounds.
Striped Bass are normally found in saltwater but come into freshwater rivers to breed. This quick and powerful fish can grow to 40 pounds in freshwater. In freshwater they live in fast moving rivers not tolerating waters above 75 degrees. In Florida, Striped Bass can be found in the St. Johns River and some Panhandle rivers and best targeted from Fall to Spring - in the warmer months they become less active and seek cooler, deep pools.
Freshwater Stripers will feed on Threadfin Shad which is the best bait to use. You can distinguish them from Stripped Bass due to their broken horizontal stripes. They are a popular fish for stocking in lakes or waters with an abundance of shad because they grow very fast and are strong fighters making them popular with anglers. They average 2 pounds with the record 27 pounds. Whiper are voracious feeders that consume any kind of small fish including young fish also feed on mayflies and crustaceans.
Sunshines travel and feed in schools in early morning or evening. They are good eating with a white, flaky, firm texture fillet. Threadfin and gizzard shad are good baits. The Suwannee Bass is an aggressive fish that inhabits fast moving water in shallow, rocky streams, springs, and pools. This bass seldom exceeds 12 inches in length. Marks, Aucilla and Wacissa systems. The Suwannee feeds on insects, crustaceans, crayfish and small fishes. Crayfish is a popular bait to catch this fish.
Preferring brown lakes, ponds, streams, and large rivers where they travel in open waters in schools and seldom seek cover. In Florida, White bass are found in the Apalachicola and Ochlockonee river systems. They average from 10 to 16 inches in length and usually weighs from 1 to 4 pounds. White Bass are aggressive visual feeders preferring insect larvae, crustaceans, fish.
Look for feeding schools in the early evening and use worms and minnows for bait. The Bluegill is commonly found throughout Florida in lakes and ponds, preferring shallow, quiet waters with lots of vegetation.
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The Bluegill feeds on insects, crayfishes and vegetation. Live bait of crickets, grass shrimp, and worms works best. Bluegill are excellent eating with sweet white meat. The Bighead Carp is a very large species that has been found in recent years in Panhandle rivers. This species comes from east China, can tolerate brackish waters, and is on FWC's prohibited species list. If you catch this large fish, please destroy it. The common carp can only be found in Florida in the Apalachicola and Ochlockonee rivers with the largest caught in Florida just over 40 pounds.
This large bodied Minnow has an acute sense of hearing, smell and taste, and is very skittish in clear water. Not the most popular eating fish because it is very bony but it can be prepared by boiling and smoking them. The common carp has a sweet tooth and will consume marshmallows, canned corn or peas, or sweet bread dough balls. The Grass Carp is originally from Asia and was purposely stocked in Florida waterways to control exotic vegetation since this is fish consumes large amounts of aquatic plants.objectifcoaching.com/components/oktibbeha/14e-rencontres-des-chercheurs-en-didactique-de-la-littrature.php
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It is illegal to take this fish in Florida, so if you accidently catch a Grass Carp, please release it. The largest Grass Carp caught in Florida was 15 years old, 56 inches and weighed 75 lbs. Image courtesy of MyFWC. The highfin carpsucker is a rare catch in Florida where their range on the Gulf Coast is from Louisiana eastward to the Choctawhatchee River of Florida.
This schooling fish found in moderately flowing clean waters can reach 20 inches and weigh three pounds. This schooling species occurs primarily in rivers and reservoirs and occasionally in moderate or large streams.
Using their long barbels, Catfish feed off the bottom on insects, snails, clams, mussels, crayfishes, and fish live, dead or rotting. Catfish are not very picky, common bait and chum mix includes dried blood, chicken liver, worms, minnows, and aquatic plants. Catfish love stinky presentations, chumming with chicken livers, rotten cheese, hot dogs, rotted fish scraps, fermented grain, Range Cubes and fermented Milo chum is very popular and effective to catch a catfish.
Blue catfish is the largest catfish in America growing to 5 feet and weigh as much as pounds with the average being 60 pounds and 20 inches. Found in clear backwaters and large channels leading to large bays, the blue catfish prefers water with good current and sandy bottom. This warm water species prefers 70 to 80 degree water. This catfish is a predator that will eat any species plus crayfish, freshwater mussels, and even frogs. The most effective baits are cut fish, live fish such as shiners, herring, shad, and night crawlers.
Image Source: FWC. Brown Bullhead Catfish's biggest catch in Florida is 16 inches and over 5 pounds. They can be found in clear, very slow moving waters of ponds, lakes and streams with a lot of vegetation.
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This nocturnal bottom feeder uses it's sensitive barbels to seek out insects, vegetation, fish, snails, crayfish, worms and leeches. The Brown Bullhead will bit during the day, but fishing at night is best using chicken part, worms, minnows, and stink baits. Yellow Bullhead Catfish is commonly found at 12 inches, 2 pounds but can grow to about 18 to 24 inches. They live in shallow, slow-moving freshwater streams, lakes, reservoirs, and ponds and are usually found in thick vegetation.
This scavenger prefers to feed on crayfish, minnows, snails, and shrimp. Catch the Yellow Bullhead using worms, cut bait, crickets, or dough balls. Channel Catfish usually grows to about 2 feet, but can be as long as 4 feet and weigh more than 50 pounds.
They prefer deep, slow-moving channel waters in large rivers, streams and creeks that have a sandy, rocky or gravel bottom but are also found in lakes, ponds and reservoirs. Electric Catfish have the ability to produce an electric shock of up to volts. Electric Catfish originated from tropical Africa and the Nile River. This catfish is usually nocturnal and feeds on other fish, incapacitating their prey with electric discharges.
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