Simon Magus


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Simon Magus (ca. 67 C.E.)

All proposed him as second bishop because he was a cousin of the Lord. Therefore, they called the Church a virgin, for it was not yet corrupted by vain discourses. But Thebuthis, because he was not made bishop, began to corrupt it. From them sprang the Menandrianists, and Marcionists, and Carpocratians, and Valentinians, and Basilidians, and Saturnilians.

Each introduced privately and separately his own peculiar opinion. From them came false Christs, false prophets, false apostles, who divided the unity of the Church by corrupt doctrines uttered against God and against his Christ.

Apparently in time, that corruption affected many in Jerusalem and ultimately led to a confederation of those who were influenced, directly or indirectly, by certain of Simon Magus' teachings see also The Smyrna Church Era. Simon had a major impact and many follow parts of his unbiblical teachings and practices to this day. Since various early writers claim that many of the heretics sprung from Simon Magus, it may well be that Paul was at least partially pointing to how Satan and his demons affected Simon Magus and his followers when he wrote the above see also Mystery of Iniquity.

We do not have information on groups some of those that are claimed to have descended from Simon Magus. Philip Carrington noted:. We know little or nothing about the sects which are mentioned by Hegesippus, the Simonians, Cleobians, Dositheans, Goratheni and Masbothaeans; Carrington P.

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Cambridge University Press , [originally written c. But we do have information on some of them. The historian Adolf von Harnack wrote:. Dositheus, Simon Magus, Cleobius, and Menander appeared as Messiahs or bearers of the Godhead, and proclaimed a doctrine in which the Jewish faith was strangely and grotesquely mixed with Babylonian myths, together with some Greek additions.

History of Dogma, Volume 1 , 2nd edition. Translated by Neil Buchanan. Original from Columbia University, Digitized Aug 18, , p. So the blending of biblical truth with the ancient Babylonian mystery religion and Greek philosophy. This is some that the Church of Rome has officially found to be acceptable, to a major degree. A Gnostic, Antinomian sect of the second century which regarded Simon Magus as its founder and which traced its doctrines back to him. In the "Philosophumena" Simon's doctrine is described according to his reputed work, "The Great Declaration"; it is evident that we have here the doctrinal opinions of the Simonians as they had developed in the second century.


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The Simonians venerated and worshiped Simon under the image of Zeus, and Helena under that of Athene. The sect flourished in Syria, in various districts of Asia Minor and at Rome.

In the third century remnants of it still existed Origen, Against Celsus I. Eusebius Church History II. Closely connected with them were the Dositheans and Menandrians, who should be regarded probably as branches of the Simonians. Their names came from Dositheus and Meander, of whom the first, a Samaritan, was originally the teacher and then the pupil of Simon Magus, while Menander was a pupil and, after Simon's death, his most important successor.

Dositheus is said to have opposed antinomianism, that is, the rejection of Old Testament law. As late as the beginning of the seventh century Eulogius of Alexandria in Photius, "Bibliotheca cod. Dositheus died a tragic death from starvation "Pseudo-Clemen. Like Simon, Menander also proclaimed himself to be the one sent of God, the Messias. In the same way he taught the creation of the world by angels who were sent by the Ennoia.

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The Flying Heretic: How St. Peter Defeated the Demonic Simon Magus |

He asserted that men received immortality and the resurrection by his baptism and practiced magical arts. The sect named after him, the Menandrians, continued to exist for a considerable length of time. Kirsch, Johann Peter. The Catholic Encyclopedia.

The Flying Heretic: How St. Peter Defeated the Demonic Simon Magus

New York: Robert Appleton Company, Nihil Obstat. February 1, It may be of interest to note that Zeus had long hair. BBC reported that the images of 'Jesus' we often see are based upon artists attempting to make Him look like a younger image of Zeus Taylor J. What did Jesus really look like? Now the mention that Dositheus is said to have opposed antinomianism is interesting as groups like the Church of Rome, while rejecting much of the Old Testament, do not take as an official position against the Ten Commandments as some Protestant leaders do.

As far as Menander goes, he was believed to be Simon's successor and also practiced sorcery.

SIMON MAGUS

It has been written:. Menander's tenets followed a meandering trail away from the truth. Most of the church fathers accused Menander of being possessed by a demon He actually convinced others that a great invisible power from above sent him. Like other Gnostics, he taught that wicked angels Stebnow DK. In a fragment of Hegesippus preserved by Eusebius H. He, together with Simon, is accused of the forgery of apocryphal books Ap. Pseudo-Chrysostom, in the 48th homily on St. Matthew vol. Cleobius may have been one involved in the writing of some of false 'gospels' we hear about from time to time.

We know that the faithful those who kept the Sabbath, avoided unclean meats, had the true gospel writings, etc. Jerusalem, pp. Marcion was a more famous heretic see Marcion: The First Protestant? He was opposed to the Ten Commandments, and the millennial teaching, the Sabbath. Even though he was denounced by Polycarp of Smyrna , the Church of Rome tolerated him for decades, before it later put him out. While the Church of Rome officially endorses the Ten Commandments, it still goes along with Marcion related to the Sabbath.

And the Church of Rome also teaches against the millennium like Marcion did. Carpocrates, or Carpocras, was according to Eusebius a Platonic philosopher who taught at Alexandria in the reign of Hadrian A. The sensible world was made by the fabricating powers, or builders, far inferior to the ineffable power of the unknown ingenerable Father. Jesus was the son of Joseph and Mary, and was born like all other men; he differed from the rest in that his soul, being strong and pure, remembered what it saw in its orbit round or conversation with the ineffable Father.

This is also the idea lying behind the Pythagorean, Platonic and Hermetic traditions of the orderly course of the soul in harmonious circuit round the Spiritual Sun, in the Plain of Truth, when it is in its own nature.

In consequence of this reminiscence which is the source of all wisdom and virtue the Father clothed him with powers, whereby he might escape from the dominion of the rulers of the world, and passing through all their spheres, and being freed from each, finally ascend to the Father.

In like manner all souls of a like nature who put forth similar efforts, shall ascend to the Father. Though the soul of Jesus was brought up in the ordinary Jewish views, he soared above them, and thus by the powers he received from above, he triumphed over human passions. Believing, then, that all souls which rise above the constraints of the world-building rulers, will receive similar powers and perform like wonders, these Gnostics still further claimed that some of their number had actually attained to the same degree of perfection as Jesus, if not to a higher degree, and were stronger than Peter and Paul, and the other Apostles who had attained similar powers.

The circle of the Carpocratians is said to have established a branch at Rome, about , under acertain Marcellina. They had pictures and statues of many great teachers who were held in honour by their school, such as Pythagoras, Plato, and Aristotle, and also a portrait of Jesus. Mead GRS.

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